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Reading List - Black History Month
Nicolas IrvingThe Reaper
Autobiography of One of the Deadliest Special Operations Snipers
Why Should White Guys Have All The Fun
How Reginald Lewis Created a billion dollar empire.. Almost from scratch
Dr Ben Carson
Major League Baseball
Facts you may not have known about Black history in America's pastime
1. 1884 MOSES WALKER, FIRST BLACK PRO BASEBALL PLAYER
Moses 'Fleetwood' Walker played catcher for the Toledo Blue Stockings of the American Baseball
Association until the league morphed into the American Baseball League in 1887, at which time the
National and American leagues both instituted their infamous "No Blacks" policy which stood in
effect until April 15, 1947 when Jackie Robinson broke the MLB color barrier. This event ended the
careers of Moses Walker and his younger brother Welday who played left field for the team.
The Toledo franchise was terminated when the American Association changed to the American
League, thus removing Walker's name from the history books as the first Black to play for one of the
American or National Leagues.
2. 1930 NEGRO LEAGUE ORIGINATES NIGHT BASEBALL
While the first night game in the National League (1935) between the Cincinnati Reds and the
Philadelphia Athletics is recorded as being the first night game in major league baseball, it was the
game between the Kansas City Monarchs and the House of David, played in 1930 that was the first
baseball game between professional teams played under the lights in the United States.
Rumor has it that one of the MLB's owners had attended a Negro League night game and convinced
the other owners that night baseball could be a way to generate a lot more nterest and income
because it would attract fans who did not have to work at night.
3. 1947 ROBINSON WINS MLB ROOKIE OF THE YEAR AWARD
This award, presented to the best new player, was bestowed upon one player in all of baseball. Some
say the award was created specially for Jackie Robinson of the Brooklyn Dodgers, credited with
being the first Black player in Major league baseball (But see #1 above).
4. Feb, 1948 NEWCOMBE WINS INAUGURAL CY YOUNG AWARD
Don Newcombe of the National League's Brooklyn Dodgers, became the first ever winner of the Cy
Young Award, the highest honor a major league pitcher can achieve. For the first eleven years the
honor was bestowed upon the best pitcher in all of baseball. Since 1959 the award has been
presented to the best pitcher in each league.
In the 58 year history of he award there have been just six Black winners, three in each league and
only Bob Gibson (1968, 1970) of the St Louis Cardinals has won twice.
5. July 8, 1948 At 42, Cleveland Indians' Satchel Paige becomes oldest player to debut in a major
6. Jul 15, 1948 First Black pitcher to win a MLB game. The game, against the PhiladelphiaAthletics, came one day after he pitched an exhibition game against the Brooklyn Dodgers the night
before in front of a crowd of 65,000.
7. July 9, 1948 First MLB pitcher to throw "Hesitation pitch", which so confused batters that it was
later declared illegal by baseball's commissioner.
8. Oct 6, 1948 DOBY BECOMES FIRST BLACK WORLD SERIES PLAYER
Cleveland Indians Outfielder Larry Doby became the first Black players to participate in a
World Series. Doby started all six games and on Oct 9 became the first Black player to hit
a home run in a World Series. Larry Doby was elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame in 1998
9. Oct 10, 1948 First Black pitcher to appear in a World Series game 4.
10. Oct 11, 1948 With Larry Doby, First Black players to become World Series champion
11. 1971 PAIGE NAMED TO BASEBALL'S HALL OF FAME
Leroy 'Satchel' Paige was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame by a ten man committee designated by
Commissioner Bowie Khun to select the first four players from the Negro Leagues for induction
because of past discrimination. With this event, another "First " was added to Paige's long record as
a professional baseball player:
* July 8, 1952 First Black pitcher named to a MLB all-star game
* Sep 25, 1965 At 59, oldest player to start a major league game (Three scoreless innings). Kansas
City Athletics owner had signed Satch for one day in order to qualify him for MLB pension.
12. Feb 9, 1971 First Black member of Baseball's Hall of Fame
Other notable losses in 2015
23 Jan, 2015 MR Cub Ernie Banks Chicago Cubs legend and Hall of Famer
21 Jan, 2015 Gospel Musician Andre Crouch
03 Jan, 2015 Senator Edward Brooke (R-MA) First Black senator since reconstruction
05 Jan, 2015 Tuskegee Airmen Clarence Huntley, JR and Joseph Shambrey die on the same day
01 Feb, 2015 Scott Stuart Sports analyst for ESPN Sports
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